e-infrastructure Roadmap for Open Science in Agriculture

A bibliometric study

The e-ROSA project seeks to build a shared vision of a future sustainable e-infrastructure for research and education in agriculture in order to promote Open Science in this field and as such contribute to addressing related societal challenges. In order to achieve this goal, e-ROSA’s first objective is to bring together the relevant scientific communities and stakeholders and engage them in the process of coelaboration of an ambitious, practical roadmap that provides the basis for the design and implementation of such an e-infrastructure in the years to come.

This website highlights the results of a bibliometric analysis conducted at a global scale in order to identify key scientists and associated research performing organisations (e.g. public research institutes, universities, Research & Development departments of private companies) that work in the field of agricultural data sources and services. If you have any comment or feedback on the bibliometric study, please use the online form.

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Indian "hero-stones" and the Earliest Anthropomorphic Stelae of the Bronze Age


Having taken as starting point the suggestion made by Alexander Zaitsev and K Jones-Bley that the earliest North Pontic anthropomorphic stone stelae of the late 4th and 3rd millennium BC may be perceived as visual representations of the IE formula "undying/unfading fame", the author then demonstrates that both the tradition of memorial stelae for fallen heroes and the use of Indo-European poetic formulae expressing a worldview of "pastoral heroism" were inherited by the archaic culture of the Indo-Aryans. Contrary to widespread opinion, the use of the "undying fame" formula is not limited to one or two contexts in the Rigveda. This formula, in a slightly modified form, was used in Sanskrit epic poetry. Indian "hero-stones" which have been erected since very old times in regions inhabited by warlike nomadic cattle-herders, are considered by the author to be a branch of the Bronze-age Eurasian tradition of anthropomorphic stelae. Indian memorial stones are the object not only of archaeological, but also of ethnological studies; at some places hero-stones continue to function in their original cultural context, the symbolic meaning of their design is transparent and we may use them as an explanatory model in order to elucidate the semantics and function of Bronze-age Eurasian memorial monuments. Basic Indian terms designating hero-stones reveal their IE antiquity, being in particular connected with the well-known IE formula "keep safe (our) men/heroes and livestock" ( uih(x)o-peku- + pah,-). Variants of this formula have been found in the Satarudriya hymn of the Yajurveda and even in the Mahabharata. All this makes the author believe that the specific worldview of "pastoral heroism", which had originated in the Eurasian steppe-belt in the Early Bronze age, survived in India over several millennia, existing side by side with the mainstream Vedic-Hindu complex of ideas.

  • RU
    Data keywords
    • semantic
    Agriculture keywords
    • cattle
    • livestock
    Data topic
    • information systems
    • modeling
    • semantics
    Document type

    Inappropriate format for Document type, expected simple value but got array, please use list format

    Institutions 10 co-publis
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      e-ROSA - e-infrastructure Roadmap for Open Science in Agriculture has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 730988.
      Disclaimer: The sole responsibility of the material published in this website lies with the authors. The European Union is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information contained therein.