The e-ROSA project seeks to build a shared vision of a future sustainable e-infrastructure for research and education in agriculture in order to promote Open Science in this field and as such contribute to addressing related societal challenges. In order to achieve this goal, e-ROSA’s first objective is to bring together the relevant scientific communities and stakeholders and engage them in the process of coelaboration of an ambitious, practical roadmap that provides the basis for the design and implementation of such an e-infrastructure in the years to come.
This website highlights the results of a bibliometric analysis conducted at a global scale in order to identify key scientists and associated research performing organisations (e.g. public research institutes, universities, Research & Development departments of private companies) that work in the field of agricultural data sources and services. If you have any comment or feedback on the bibliometric study, please use the online form.
You can access and play with the graphs:
- Evolution of the number of publications between 2005 and 2015
- Map of most publishing countries between 2005 and 2015
- Network of country collaborations
- Network of institutional collaborations (+10 publications)
- Network of keywords relating to data - Link
Cortisol treatment of prespawning female cod affects cytogenesis related factors in eggs and embryos
A stable supply of viable eggs and embryos is crucial for successful farming of Atlantic cod. Stress during broodstock rearing can have negative effects on offspring, but little is known about the molecular mechanisms that cause abnormal development. Maternally transferred mRNAs have been shown to be essential for normal development, and stress may therefore influence their expression and the subsequent embryonic development. We investigated if mimicked stress in cod females affects mRNA concentrations in eggs/embryos, and if this can be linked to viability of embryos. Three weeks before peak spawning, 20 fish were intraperitoneally implanted with either cortisol-containing or cortisol-free (sham) osmotic pumps. At peak spawning all individuals were stripped and eggs were fertilized and incubated until hatching. Samples were collected from unfertilized eggs and embryos for analysis of gene expression (microarray), viability, steroids and vitellogenin. Plasma concentration of cortisol (ng/ml) in treated females was significantly higher at spawning (127.1 +/- 20.9) than that of sham control (11.3 +/- 6.7). This difference was also reflected in eggs and embryos. Percent fertilization, asymmetric cell division and hatching were not affected. However, numerous genes were differentially expressed in eggs and embryos in response to elevated cortisol, especially in maternal (oocyte and blastula) stages. Among these differentially expressed genes, some were found to be linked to cytogenesis (stxbp6, fbxw2, capn12, thbs4, sytl2, coro1c, sel1l3), induction of mesodermal fate (fgfrl1) and import of the glucocorticoid receptor to the cell nucleus (ipo7). Gene ontology overrepresentation analysis on the whole set of differentially expressed genes at maternal stages (539 genes) revealed enriched activity in membrane associated regions, which largely corresponds to cytogenesis related processes. These results suggest that despite no visible phenotypic effects in early embryos, broodstock stress affects the egg/embryonic transcriptome, especially in relation to cytogenesis. Furthermore, effects related to egg/embryo phenotypes are difficult to measure at early stages of development, and instead might become apparent at later life stages. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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